Unicorns in fairy tales are animals like unicorns, which in some stories have wings like birds. But in reality it is possible to have a unicorn! Science has not found such a creature, but the creature called ‘Asian Unicorn’ is as rare as the imaginary unicorn. It is difficult to see him. The natural habitat of the animal is Southeast Asian countries Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. There is no such thing as ahamari, there is no show of fiction.
The local name of this animal weighing up to 80-100 kg is ‘Sawla’. The animal with two horns and a white spot on its face is very rare. His wanderings are hidden from the public eye in the depths of the forest. A group of biologists has been working to prevent extinction. The Sawla Working Group is made up of two experts involved in stopping poaching in different parts of Africa and Asia. The purpose of the formation was to find wild sauerkraut and capture them and propagate them in captivity. Later, these animals will be released in a safe natural reserve.
The conservationist group is now campaigning in Laos and Vietnam to raise awareness about the Saula poaching. Sawla is looking for a way to catch the animal from the locals. Scientists know that the sooner they can catch some living males and females, the more likely they are to survive. Extinction cannot be prevented if it is late. Moreover, it takes a long time to be successful in this work. So they continue to search extensively. But fate is not auspicious at all. In 2001, scientists estimated that there were 70-800 sausages in Laos and hundreds in Vietnam. More recently, experts say the number is below 100. The animal was then added to the IUCN’s Red List of Endangered Species by the Nature Conservation Association. Only if an animal is in a state of complete extinction in the natural environment does it get a place in this list. Nowadays, it is a matter of luck to take pictures of Sawla in the trap of camera as the number is decreasing. The last time Sawla was photographed was in 2013 at the Sawla Nature Reserve in central Vietnam.
Sawla is so rare that even before 1992, biologists did not find it. This was the first discovery of a large mammal in half a century. However, the discovery means that the existence of the creature to be sure, seeing Sawla face to face has not been so easy, despite hundreds of advances in science and technology. There have been rumors at various times that many villagers have tried to keep Saola as a pet, but they have not been able to survive without forest food. He died within a few days of being caught.
Science confirms the existence of Sawla through biologist Doc Toyuk. He found a pair of skulls and horns of an unknown animal in 1992 while conducting a survey in the 212-square-mile Vu Kuang Forest Reserve. Then 20 more specimens of different remains including an intact skin were found. Laboratory tests in 1993 revealed that it was not only a completely new species, but also possessed distinct genetic characteristics in the hoofed herbivorous ‘Bovid’ fauna. Since then, it has been possible to take pictures of Sawla to get camera traps on the way of wildlife movement at different times.
Thirty years after this amazing discovery in zoology in the twentieth century, scientists now believe that the number of sauerkraut has dropped dramatically. That is why they are blaming poaching. Organized poaching activities in Vietnam have multiplied since 1994. Moreover, they are hunted for the so-called medicinal properties of the flesh and various parts of this rare animal.
Source: The Guardian